What is Electro Mobility (e-mobility)? – a Definition from SPI Lasers
SPI Lasers definition for e-mobility
e-mobility is an abbreviation of electro mobility and is a general term used to describe the principles and concepts of utilising electric powered technologies (e.g. drivetrains). E-mobility moves away from existing carbon-emitting fossil fuels to using energy from electrical power sources (e.g. the National Grid) through external charging capability.
E-mobility encompasses the use of fully electric, plug-in hybrid as well as hydrogen fuelled vehicles. Within the scope of e-mobility are driverless cars, which many governments are advising could be on roads from around 2021/2022. Also, within the umbrella phase of e-mobility is “shared mobility”, which encourages increased efficiency of travel mobility through infrastructure sharing (see the later definition).
E-mobility has become increasingly technically available in recent years due to factors such as falling battery prices, advances in alternative fuels and technological developments such as electronic motor innovations and improvements in energy density in batteries. In addition, e-mobility has received a real surge in popularity due to factors such as a public and governmental desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and concerns over oil dependency and potential price rises of oil.
E-mobility “Also known as”
Here at SPI Lasers, we considered the various other terms, which are e-mobility, Emobility, eMobility and electro mobility. All of these terms mean exactly the same thing, but throughout our website, we will use e-mobility, which is the most commonly worded spelling use on the Google Search Engine.
What product categories are there within e-mobility?
Many people immediately think with e-mobility about the Automotive sector (cars and buses), but e-mobility covers many more product categories than this including:
- Drones and unmanned aerial vehicles
- Electric bikes (often called e-bikes)
- Electric helicopters
- Electric hoverboards
- Electric planes (still in the early stages, although light aircraft is an early adopter)
- Electric scooters (also called e-scooters)
- Electric ships and oil tankers
- Electric vehicles (buses, cars, vans and planes – see the definition below)
The key aspect to consider is mobility. Any type of vehicle, which can be made to move (i.e. is mobile) through electrical means, potentially falls under the banner of e-mobility.
What are the main drivers for e-mobility?
Main drivers for e-mobility include:
- Environmental friendliness and targets – international targets set by the Paris Climate Agreement can be aided in part through e-mobility
- Legislative compliance – the need for e-mobility has become more urgent through legislation passed by governments to enforce the need for e-mobility initiatives
- Reduced costs – the benefits of e-mobility can also be delivered with an overall reduction in cost levels
- Regulatory and standards compliance – in addition to governments, regulatory bodies (e.g. industry associations) will also introduce e-mobility standards
- Switch from fossil fuels – a major part of the environmental targets’ achievement is the switch from fossil fuels
What is an electric vehicle?
In general, electric vehicles are street-based vehicles which are powered primarily by an electric motor and usually receive their energy source from the power grid. This essentially means that electric vehicles have a requirement to be charged externally via charging infrastructure.
What are electric vehicles?
The term electric vehicles (often abbreviated to EV) is an all-encompassing term, which includes:
- All electric vehicles – these are vehicles (cars, vans, buses, etc.) which are propelled by one or more electric motors, which utilise energy most typically supplied from rechargeable batteries and can be plugged into supporting charging infrastructure
- Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles – these are vehicles, which utilise hydrogen as their principal fuel for power. Hydrogen is converted from chemical energy to mechanical energy by reacting oxygen with hydrogen through a fuel cell, which runs an electric motor
- Plug-in Hybrid electric vehicles (often abbreviated to PHEV) – these are vehicles which typically use a battery to power an internal electric motor, whilst also having access to an internal combustion engine (ICE) too. Typically, the vehicle uses electric power until it is depleted at such time the ICE “kicks in” and fossil fuels would start to be consumed. PHEV represents a “half-way-house“, between ICE and all electric vehicles
An aspect within overall e-mobility initiatives are strategies that encourage others to embrace shared mobility. There are numerous examples of this including:
- Peer to peer car rental – the hiring of cars for short journeys (this is switching some owners to hire rather than buy)
- Ride sharing – encouraging commuters on similar routes to share journeys through ride share websites and high occupancy vehicle lanes, etc.
- Shared freight brokerage – schemes to match freight demands with available space
- Shared bikes – the hiring of bikes to travel around major cities (e.g. London Cycle Hire Scheme)
SPI Lasers – working with customers to define the future of e-mobility
There is no doubt that the future looks bright and exciting for e-mobility. Why not join forces with SPI Lasers by exploring the potential of fiber lasers for your organisation? Contacting us is easy, we have staff waiting to speak to you about our exciting range of Pulsed and CW fiber lasers. We would love to work with you delivering e-mobility solutions for the benefit of your organisation, customers and the environment.
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