e-mobility Facts and Statistics

We all know that e mobility is the future, but what facts and statistics are there to back this thought? We have put this article together to explore this topic a little more.

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General facts

Here are some general facts about e mobility that we hope you find interesting:

  • 300+ miles range – some models of electric cars already have 300+ miles of range between charges. Tesla’s Model S Long Range models has an impressive 379 miles range, which blows apart the false assumption that range is too short. Ranges available will only continue to extend with time
  • Battery lifecycle – most models of electric car if well maintained will yield at least 150,000 miles of life from the battery before it begins to lose capacity. This will be lower though if rapid charging has been the main method used to recharge the battery
  • Braking adds range – when e-vehicle owners’ brake, they actually add extra range to their vehicle as when used the brakes generate electricity, which goes back into the battery
  • Electricity usage of e-vehicles – in 2018, the 5.2 million electric vehicles consumed an estimated 58 terawatt-hours (TWh) of electricity [3]. This is comparable to the electricity demand of Switzerland
  • Green number plates – countries such as Canada, China, Norway and the UK have introduced green number plates. These offer certain advantages such as lower parking charges and cost-free entry into zero-emission zones [4]
  • Not a new concept – e-vehicles aren’t new. The first electric cars were built from the 1830s onwards, at a similar time to when the electrification of railway engines was being investigated
  • Only as green as the electricity they use – e-vehicles aren’t automatically greener than ICE models, it really depends on the method of how the electricity used was generated. Coal-generated electricity for example makes the e-vehicle much less eco-friendly. Renewable generated electricity such as wind and solar would make an e-vehicle considerably more eco-friendly
  • Safety considerations – e-vehicles are considered safer than their ICE equivalents. They have:
    • an improved body design, which is safer in the event of a collision
    • a lower centre of gravity (which makes them less likely to rollover)
    • a lower risk of fires and explosions – as there is no fuel stored onboard
  • Saved oil – the IEA projects that in 2030 between 2.5 to 4.3 million barrels of oil per day will be saved, this all depends on how many electric vehicles are acquired over the next ten years [3]
  • Scarce minerals surge in demand – in particular, demand for the scarce minerals cobalt and lithium are expected to surge. Manganese and Nickel (which are less scarce, will also surge in demand)
  • Too quiet! – a major benefit of e-vehicles is how quiet they are. They were so quiet infact that they became dangerous for pedestrians, so manufacturers have needed to add extra noise to e-vehicles when they are moving at below 13 MPH

Economic facts

There are numerous facts which underline why e mobility is great economically:

  • Contribution to economic growth – many world governments (including the UK and US) have issued statements, which support the fact that e mobility will positively contribute to economic growth
  • Job creation – the e mobility sector is forecast to create more “net jobs” around the world, even with the forecast drop in fossil fuel employment (oil production, car maintenance, parts manufacture, etc.)
  • Overall lower cost to the consumer – “lifetime costs” to the consumer will reduce when buying an e-vehicle compared to an ICE (internal combustion engine) vehicle. This is particularly in areas such as fuel costs, lower road tax, free e-vehicle parking, possible grants and incentives, etc. The initial outlay of an e-vehicle is higher, but this is recovered over the vehicle lifetime. It is also forecast that the initial outlay cost will be lower than ICE models from about 2025 onwards
  • Reduced e-vehicle maintenance costs – e-vehicles are much less complex than ICE counterparts. Simpler by design, they have far fewer moving parts. They require less maintenance and servicing and much less parts replacement as there is less mechanical “wear and tear”
The BMW i8 is one of a new breed of low design complexity electric cars

The BMW i8 is one of a new breed of low design complexity electric cars

Stats about future electric vehicle market size

Statistics for electric vehicle market size (all electric cars, hybrid cars and buses) worldwide are:

  • 2014 – 0.74 million (actual)
  • 2017 – 3 million (actual)
  • 2018 – 5.2 million (actual) [3] – of these China (45%), EU (24%) and USA (22%)
  • 2020 – 20 to 25 million [1]
  • 2025 – 50 to 90 million [1]
  • 2027 – 27 million [2]
  • 2030 IEA forecasts [1]:
    • 125 million (based on current trends) to
    • 225 million (based on aggressive model and major adoption)
  • 2040 – more electric cars will be manufactured than petrol/diesel models
The electric vehicle market is set for rapid growth

The electric vehicle market is set for rapid growth

With a growth from 0.74 million to 125 million+ between 2014 and 2030, there will be at least a 150x increase in demand for electric vehicle components, including batteries!

Statistics for global electricity charging points for e-vehicles are [3]:

Year Private Slow Charger Public Slow Charger Public Fast Charger Total (millions)
2013 0.42 0.04 N/A 0.46
2014 0.75 0.09 0.01 0.85
2015 1.29 0.16 0.03 1.48
2016 2.02 0.26 0.07 2.35
2017 3.13 0.33 0.11 3.57
2018 4.66 0.40 0.14 5.20

Sources:

[1] International Energy Agency forecast

[2] Reuters survey for the International Copper Association

[3] International Energy Agency

[4] UK Government

Buy an SPI Fiber Laser to deliver e mobility solutions

Well, that certainly was an interesting range of facts and statistics, but if you need to clarify any aspect of e mobility for your organisation then why not call us?

Create your own statistics when you buy one of our Pulsed or Continuous Wave fiber laser models, which are ideally suited to e mobility applications. Click this link to subscribe to future updates.

 

 

Image Credits: Gov.uk, Kalhh and Walter Baxter

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